PHILADELPHIA — No one has determined what caused the catastrophic Amtrak train crash in Philadelphia, but the city’s mayor has all but indicted the train’s engineer.
Initial data showed the train was barreling into a curve at more than 100 mph before the derailment, the National Transportation Safety Board said. That’s more than twice the 50 mph speed limit for the curve.
“Clearly it was reckless in terms of the driving by the engineer. There’s no way in the world he should have been going that fast into the curve,” Mayor Michael Nutter told CNN.
“I don’t know what was going on with him (the engineer). I don’t know what was going on in the cab, but there’s really no excuse that can be offered, literally, unless he had a heart attack.”
NTSB board member Robert Sumwalt immediately blasted the mayor’s comments as inflammatory.
“You’re not going to hear the NTSB making comments like that,” he said. “We want to get the facts before we start making judgments.”
While investigators continue sifting through the pieces of seven derailed train cars, Amtrak said it will have limited service Thursday in parts of the Northeast.
“Modified Amtrak service with fewer frequencies than normal will be provided between Washington and Philadelphia, Harrisburg and Philadelphia, and New York and Boston,” Amtrak said.
“There will be no Amtrak service between New York and Philadelphia, but New Jersey Transit will honor Amtrak tickets between New York City and Trenton (New Jersey).”
Here’s the latest on what we know about the crash and what investigators have to contend with:
Who was operating the train?
The train’s engineer was identified to CNN as 32-year-old Brandon Bostian of New York.
According to his LinkedIn profile, Bostian has been an Amtrak engineer since 2010. Before that, he was an Amtrak conductor for four years.
The engineer applied full emergency brakes “just moments” before the train derailed, Sumwalt said. The train was traveling about 106 mph as it headed into a left turn. The speed limit immediately before the curve was 80 mph.
But even if investigators determine excessive speed caused the crash, it might not be the engineer’s fault. It’s possible there may have been a mechanical issue, such as faulty brakes.
“You have a lot of questions, we have a lot of questions,” Sumwalt said Wednesday. “We intend to answer many of those questions in the next 24 to 48 hours.”
He said his team will investigate the condition of the track and the train, how the signals operated and “human performance.”
What has the engineer said?
Bostian initially told Philadelphia police he could not recall his speed, according to a law enforcement source with knowledge of the investigation.
Detectives have since tried to further interview the engineer, who was injured, and brought him in. But Bostian refused to be interviewed Wednesday and left with a lawyer, a police official said.
Police were trying to get a search warrant for the engineer’s phone records so they can determine whether he was distracted at the time of the crash, the law enforcement official said.
Who are the victims?
The train was carrying 238 passengers and five crew members from Washington to New York on Tuesday evening.
At least seven people were killed, and more than half of those on board were hospitalized.
Jim Gaines, a father of two who worked as a video software architect for The Associated Press, was among those killed, his company said.
“Jim was more precious to us than we can adequately express,” his family said.
Another was a U.S. Naval Academy midshipman in full uniform heading home to New York. Justin Zemser, 20, was on leave from the academy in Annapolis, Maryland. A family member described him as a great person and genius whose death has left his parents “beside themselves.”
Dr. Derrick Griffith, dean of student affairs for City University of New York Medgar Evers College, was also among the fatalities, a spokeswoman for the university said. He lived in Brooklyn.
Authorities have not ruled out the possibility of more victims at the crash site. Nutter said Wednesday that not everyone on Amtrak’s manifest had been accounted for, but he didn’t specify a number.
What happened during the crash?
Jeremy Wladis was in the last of the seven cars, eating, when he noticed the train starting to do “funny things. And it gradually starts getting worse and worse.”
Things started flying — phones, laptops. “Then people.”
“There were two people in the luggage rack above my head. Two women, catapulted (there).”
Janna D’Ambrisi was reading a book in the second-to-last car when she felt the train was “going a little too fast around a curve.”
The car she was in started to tip, and she was thrown onto another woman.
“People started to fall on us,” she said. “I just held on to her leg and sort of bowed my head and I was kind of praying, ‘Please make it stop.’ ”
She credited many people — including one fellow passenger who guided people with his shoes off — for stepping up.
“Everyone was just trying to help the people who were injured, who had blood coming out of their head, their noses, to help them sit down in the dirt away from the rails,” she said.
What were the conditions of the equipment and rail?
The locomotive was built by Siemens and delivered to Amtrak in 2014 specifically for its Northeast Corridor service, a Siemens official said. That makes it fairly new, which doesn’t rule out the train’s condition playing a role in the crash but seemingly makes it less likely.
The stretch of track where the train derailed was not equipped with an automated speed control system called positive train control, NTSB board member Sumwalt said.
“We feel that had such a system been installed in this section of track, this accident would not have occurred,” he said.
The derailment was Amtrak’s ninth this year, according to the Federal Railroad Administration.
While the cause has not been determined, the crash has spurred discussion about the nation’s aging rail infrastructure.
Transportation analyst Matthew L. Wald said the area where the train derailed has had problems.
“It’s an extremely heavily used stretch of track,” he said. “They have trouble keeping it in a state of good repair.”