What’s the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

House Calls

An Indian nurse (L) collects a blood sample from a policeman using a glucometer at a free diabetic health check-up camp on World Health Day in Hyderabad on April 7, 2016. (NOAH SEELAM/AFP via Getty Images)

Data pix.

Many Americans know that diabetes is a serious condition, but not all Americans can explain the differences between type 1 and type 2.

Someone with type 1 diabetes has a complete lack of insulin. the body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, so this disease is treated specifically with insulin injections.

Someone with type 2 diabetes has too little insulin or the body cannot use insulin effectively, which is referred to as insulin resistance. This disease can be treated with a healthy diet and lifestyle changes, such as exercising.

In today's House Call, we explore how doctors treat these forms of diabetes and what you need to know about pre-diabetes.

Community Nutritionist Elizabeth Walser, of the Forsyth County Department of Public Health, joins us.

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