Estrogen is extremely important in preventing bone loss. Therefore, bone loss is often accelerated during the time of menopause due to declining estrogen levels.
It is important for individuals, especially women, to begin building their bone bank (bone density) as early as possible to help prevent bone loss and/or osteoporosis.
The fuller your bone bank, the more time it will take for bone to break down and lessened risk of osteoporosis.
Certain lifestyle modifications can go a long way in preventing bone deterioration. Beginning a regular exercise program that incorporates weight bearing and non-weight bearing exercises, and maintaining a healthy diet that incorporates plenty of vitamin D, calcium and protein are extremely helpful methods of prevention.
It is also important to quit and/or avoid smoking and/or excessive alcohol consumption.
Certain individuals are at higher risk for developing osteoporosis, such as small-framed Caucasian and Asian women, individuals with a strong family history of fractures or osteoporosis, and individuals with certain pre-existing health conditions, including:
• Chronic rheumatologic disorders in which patients are treated with steroids.
• Certain endocrinal conditions, such as diabetes and hyperparathyroidism.
• Malabsorption issues, such as celiac disease.
High risk patients should talk to their doctor about whether or not they should begin early bone mineral density testing, especially as they approach menopause.
It is recommended that women at average risk of osteoporosis begin getting bone density screenings at the age of 65. Women in our community are fortunate, as Cone Health has an exceptional network of women’s health specialists dedicated to caring for women through menopause and making sure they receive proper treatment for any health conditions or issues that arise during this time of life.
Dr. Lisa Jackson-Moore is an OB/GYN at Femina Women’s Center and member of Cone Health Medical Group.
Dr. Jackson-Moore received her medical degree from New York University School of Medicine in 1993.
She completed her residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1997.