Black History Month: Home in Alamance County rooted in history

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A home on Highway 62 in Alamance County is full of history.

Before the Civil War, it was the Oak Grove Plantation, which included Caswell Holt and his younger brother, Sam. The two were instrumental in shaping the culture for African-Americans during this era.

The Holts were born on the plantation before the Civil War, and were enslaved there for over 30 years. During that time, both were taught how to read, write and become laborers.

In fact, they set the tone for the textile industry in the south.

A picture depiction at the Alamance Historical Museum shows the brothers mixing original indigo dyes that were used in the Alamance County Plaids, which were the first commericially produced colored-cotton fabrics made in the United States.

After the Civil War, the Holt's turned their focus to political and social issues.

Sam became a preacher and founded the Springdale Church, which still exists today.

Caswell became the first black sheriff in Alamance County.