The safest way to perform CPR in an urgent situation

Do you know how to perform CPR?

Here’s a quick lesson from the American Red Cross:

  1. Check the scene and the person. Make sure the scene is safe, then tap the person on the shoulder and shout "Are you OK?" to ensure that the person needs help.
  2. Call 911 for assistance. If it's evident that the person needs help, call (or ask a bystander to call) 911, then send someone to get an AED. (If an AED is unavailable, or a there is no bystander to access it, stay with the victim, call 911 and begin administering assistance.)
  3. Open the airway. With the person lying on his or her back, tilt the head back slightly to lift the chin.
  4. Check for breathing. Listen carefully, for no more than 10 seconds, for sounds of breathing. If there is no breathing begin CPR. (Occasional gasping sounds do not equate to breathing)
  5. Push hard, push fast. Place your hands, one on top of the other, in the middle of the chest. Use your body weight to help you administer compressions that are at least 2 inches deep and delivered at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.
  6. Deliver rescue breaths. With the person's head tilted back slightly and the chin lifted, pinch the nose shut and place your mouth over the person's mouth to make a complete seal. Blow into the person's mouth to make the chest rise. Deliver two rescue breaths, then continue compressions. Continue CPR steps. Keep performing cycles of chest compressions and breathing until the person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing, an AED becomes available, or EMS or a trained medical responder arrives at the scene.