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The most common burns and how to treat them at home

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WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. -- Burns to the skin mostly happen at home and doctors say typically they are preventable.

"If you have children in the home you need to have a safe area, a no-go area around the stove," said Dr. Jimmy Holmes, the medical director of Wake Forest Baptist Health's Burn Unit.

Holmes says the two most common burns happen while cooking from grease fires or from scalding water on children. He suggest always trying to put a lid or dry cloth on a grease fire. "Don't try and pick it up and take it outside that's how we see all the numerous grease burns."

Holmes also suggest keeping hot cups of coffee or tea out of the reach of children and turning the handles of cooking pans on the stove inwards. When it comes to water Holmes suggest turning down the temperature on your hot water heater, especially if you have children. "It doesn't take very long to actually burn a small child's skin with hot water."

If you suffer from these common burns Holmes says typically they can be treated at home.

"After they occur run them under tap water, do not put ice, cool tap water is fine," said Holmes, who suggests applying over-the-counter antibiotic and a band-aid. "If it takes more than a band-aid or a large band-aid to treat it you are going to probably going to want to come see us."

Degrees of Burns

1st degree: Red skin from hot water and sun burn
2nd degree: Skin starts to blister
3rd degree: Typically blisters and white, charred skin