Knee pain is a common condition, effecting 18 percent of the U.S. population. Common causes of knee pain include:
- Osteoarthritis – condition in which the cartilage in the joint is worn down over time.
- Patellofemoral syndrome – anterior knee pain; most common cause in women.
- Meniscal tears – commonly caused by twisting injuries.
- IT band – pain that travels from the side of the hip to the shin bone.
Fortunately, there are several conservative, non-surgical treatment options for knee pain that can help improve, if not heal, the condition.
Strengthening exercises and/or physical therapy, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory and pain relief medications, and cortisone injection therapy can all help relieve knee pain.
When experiencing knee pain or injury, always try following the acronym PRICE:
- P – Protection
- R – Rest
- I – Ice
- C – Compression (elastic wrap, over-the-counter knee sleeves)
- E – Elevation (above the heart, if possible)
If you are experiencing knee pain along with swelling, locking, buckling, redness and fever and/or chills that fails to respond to home care within a period of two weeks, it is time to see a doctor.
Our community is fortunate, as Cone Health has an exceptional network of sports medicine specialists and other related healthcare providers dedicated to treating individuals throughout the community who are experiencing knee pain, and educating them on how to prevent pain and injury in the future.
Dr. Thomas Thekkekandam is a sports medicine specialist at Cone Health Primary Care & Sports Medicine at MedCenter Kernersville.
Dr. Thekkekandam received his Doctor of Medicine from Ross University School of Medicine in 2009.
He completed his residency in family medicine at Cone Health and a sports medicine fellowship at the Cone Health Sports Medicine Center. Dr. Thekkekandam is board-certified in sports and family medicine.