Diabetes is diagnosed by taking a reading of an individual’s fasting, random or three-month average blood sugar levels.
An individual without diabetes has a fasting blood sugar level below 100, a random blood sugar level below 140 and a three-month average blood sugar level, known as the A1C, below 5.7%. An individual is diagnosed with diabetes if their fasting blood sugar level is above 126, their random blood sugar level is above 200 or their A1C is above 6.4%.
When a person has blood sugar levels that fall in between the normal and diabetes ranges, they are considered to have pre-diabetes.
When an individual is diagnosed with pre-diabetes, becoming educated on the proper lifestyle modifications and implementing those modifications is essential.
Physical activity helps our body process food properly. Therefore if individuals with pre-diabetes are inactive, it is important for them to begin a regular exercise routine tailored to their physical capabilities.
Modifying diet is also important for patients with pre-diabetes. Carbohydrate intake should be limited and spread throughout the day.
By detecting pre-diabetes early and adopting the proper lifestyle modifications, a diabetes diagnosis can be postponed and/or prevented.
Individuals who are diagnosed with pre-diabetes should talk to their doctor about getting a referral to nutrition and diabetes education services to develop a preventative plan customized to their health condition and personal needs.
Cone Health Nutrition and Diabetes Management Center has an exceptional team of registered dieticians and certified diabetes educators dedicated to educating and treating patients with pre-diabetes and diabetes throughout the community.
Beverly Paddock is a certified diabetes educator and registered dietician at Cone Health Nutrition and Diabetes Management Center.
Paddock received a Bachelor of Science from University of Georgia in 1979. She became a registered dietician through a work-study program in Florida in 1982, and became a certified diabetes educator in 1983.