There are two main forms of uterine cancer. Endometrial cancer affects the lining of the uterus (endometrium), and is the most common form of gynecological cancer. The other form of uterine cancer affects the thick muscle wall of the uterus. This form is much more rare and aggressive.
The main symptoms of uterine cancer are abnormal menstrual bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding. Often, the disease is asymptomatic until it reaches a later, more advanced stage, thus emphasizing the importance of yearly gynecologic exams.
Risk factors for uterine cancer include family history of breast, colon or uterine cancers, age (more common in postmenopausal women), uncontrolled high blood pressure and/or diabetes, and obesity.
Fortunately, endometrial cancer is a highly treatable and curable form of cancer. If caught in the early stages, surgery is often all that is needed to treat the disease.
Cone Health’s partnership with board certified gynecologic oncologists at UNC Chapel Hill allows women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers to receive exceptional care and cancer treatment right here in the community—close to work, home and their support networks.
For information on gynecologic cancers and/or the services of Cone Health Cancer Center, visit conehealth.com/cancer or call (336) 832-1100.
Nancy Wilkinson is the clinical nurse specialist for gynecologic oncology at Cone Health Cancer Center. She earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1982 and a Master of Science in Nursing in 1994 from University of North Carolina at Greensboro School of Nursing.