House Call: Prostate Cancer — Signs and Symptoms
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer found in men.
The PSA blood test is often administered to screen men for prostate cancer. Because of PSA testing, most prostate cancers are now found before they cause any symptoms.
Unfortunately, when prostate cancer symptoms are present, it is usually in a later stage of the disease. The signs of prostate cancer, known as lower urinary tract symptoms, can include delayed or slowed start of urinary stream, dribbling or leakage of urine (most often after urinating), slow urinary stream, straining when urinating or not being able to empty out all of the urine, blood in the urine or semen, bone pain, and significant weight loss.
The American Urologic Association recommends men to begin getting yearly PSA blood tests and digital rectal exams at the age of 50. It is also important for men to become aware of risk factors for prostate cancer, such as family history or being of African American ethnicity, and become educated on the risks and benefits of PSA level testing.
In some cases, lower urinary tract symptoms and an elevated PSA level present with a benign condition, such as an infection or enlarged prostate. Fortunately, Cone Health has an exceptional network of primary care physicians, urologists, oncologists and other related health providers dedicated to screening, properly diagnosing and treating prostate cancer in patients throughout the community.
Dr. Matthew Eskridge is a urologist at Alliance Urology and a member of the Cone Health medical staff. Dr. Eskridge is a 2003 graduate of Wake Forest University School of Medicine. He completed his residency in urology at Medical University of South Carolina in 2006.